Insulin resistance is often associated with type 1 or types 2 diabetes. It is a metabolic imbalance that contributes to weight gain and prevents weight loss. To achieve your weight loss goals, it is better to understand more about insulin levels and blood glucose control. Insulin is a growth hormone made by the pancreas when you eat or during stress response. It increases your blood sugar (glucose) levels, allowing the glucose to be used by your cells for energy. The same amount of insulin should be ideally the same as the glucose in your body to keep your blood sugar level balanced and energy stable. When there are large fluctuations in insulin or when you have high insulin production, it causes the receptors of your pancreas cells to stop responding effectively. Insulin resistance happens when your body has to make more and more insulin to help you avoid high blood sugar levels. And when your blood sugars are out of control, you will experience weight gain. If you are insulin resistant, you may develop medical conditions like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, high triglycerides, and metabolic syndrome. Blood sugar imbalances from consuming a heavily processed diet with lots of refined carbs can make you insulin resistant. If you are overweight, you have a higher risk of being or becoming insulin resistant. A good indication is a darkening and thickening of your skin or when you experience female reproductive abnormalities such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). If you think you might be insulin resistant or experience blood sugar fluctuations here are some healthy eating and lifestyle habits that can help keep the negative effects of insulin imbalance.
- Eat a diet of whole foods
- Consider intermittent fasting
- Managing your stress level
- Be active more often
- Get an adequate night’s sleep